Annie Smith is responsible for training and professional development of teachers involved in the Bridges project. Annie has an MA in Curriculum and Teaching from Teachers College and is director of Brightminds Educational Consulting, which she founded in 2008. Brightminds provides teacher training and coaching to teachers of emergent bilinguals focused on integrating language and content. She is also an adjunct professor for the Bard Master of Arts in Teaching program where she teaches a course in Literacy and the Adolescent Learner. Annie developed and ran the Refugee Youth Program for the International Rescue Committee more than 10 years ago. It was during that time, placing recent refugee youth in NYC schools, that she became aware of the specific needs of students with interrupted formal education (SIFE) and began to develop programs and curricula to support their productive participation in high school.